2018 Academy Online Package

This content represents several years of education, accessible in 2018 and early 2019.


  • Awards Ceremony 2014

    Contains 2 Component(s) Recorded On: 11/14/2014

    Prentice Awardee Brien Holden presents "Research and Innovation in the Measurement, Correction, Management, Treatment and the Social and Economic Impact of Refractive Errors." Fry Awardee Lyndon Jones presents his lecture, "Soft Lenses: So Much More than Just a Piece of Plastic."

    One of the most important ways that the Academy recognizes and serves its members is through the Awards Presentations at the Annual Meeting. The Awards that an organization confers are its most public affirmation of what the organization values most highly.  The recipients of these awards all demonstrate particular attributes to which each Fellow and Member of the Academy can aspire, whether it be in patient care, research, service or a combination of these activities.

  • Awards Ceremony 2013

    Contains 2 Component(s)

    Gordon E. Legge, PhD, presents Charles F. Prentice Lecture: Enhancing Visual Accessibility: A Challenge for Low Vision Research, and David B. Elliott, PhD, MCOptom, FAAO, presents the Glenn A. Fry Invited Lecture: Can Optometrists Help to Prevent Falls?

    Awards Ceremony

    Opening Remarks, Chris A. Johnson, PhD, FAAO, Awards Committee Chair

    Charles F. Prentice Lecture, Gordon E. Legge, PhD

    Enhancing Visual Accessibility: A Challenge for Low Vision Research

    In my presentation, I will discuss the concept of visual accessibility with special reference to low vision. What role can vision science play in enhancing visual accessibility for people with low vision? I will argue that greater efforts to embed low-vision research in real-world contexts and collaboration with other disciplines will accelerate progress. I will provide examples from two lines of my own research—designing visually accessible spaces, and reading accessibility.

     Irvin M. and Beatrice Borish Award, Pete S. Kollbaum, OD, PhD, FAAO

     Carl C. Koch Memorial Award, Sandra S. Block, OD, MEd, FAAO

     AAO-Essilor Award for Outstanding Contributions to International Optometry, George C. Woo, OD, PhD, FAAO

    Vincent Ellerbrock Clinician Educator Award, Murray Fingeret, OD, FAAO

    Eminent Service Award, Louis J. Catania, OD, FAAO

     Life Fellow Award, Anthony P. Cullen, OD, PhD, FAAO Michael G. Harris, OD, JD, FAAO 

    Presentation of the Garland W. Clay Award, Anthony J. Adams, OD, PhD, FAAO, Editor-in-Chief, Optometry and Vision Science

     Garland W. Clay Award

     Padmaja Sankaridurg, BOptom, MIP PhD Leslie Donovan, BOptom Saulius Varnas, PhD Arthur Ho, PhD, FAAO Xiang Chen, MS Aldo Martinez, PhD, FAAO Scott Fisher, BScPsych Zhi Lin, MSc Earl Smith, III, PhD, FAAO Jian Ge, MD Brien Holden, PhD, DSc, FAAO

     Michael G. Harris Family Award for Excellence in Optometric Education, Barbara Junghans, BOptom, PhD, FAAO

    Julius F. Neumueller Award in Optics, Krystal L. Schulle, OD

     Glenn A. Fry Invited Lecture, David B. Elliott, PhD, MCOptom, FAAO

    Can Optometrists Help to Prevent Falls?

     Falls are common (33% of those aged 65+ fall each year, 50% of those 80+) and are a very serious health risk for older people, being the major cause of accidental death in the elderly. They are not random events, and although falls are typically multi-factorial and linked to a variety of intrinsic and extrinsic factors, studies indicate that visual impairment is a significant risk factor. Vision provides a significant input to balance control in addition to providing information about the size and position of hazards and obstacles in the travel pathway and allows us to negotiate steps and stairs.

    Possible reasons why there has been so little improvement in falls rate in randomised controlled trials of correcting visual impairment by cataract surgery and updating glasses will be discussed, particularly the Cummings et al. (2007) optometric intervention study, which found an increased falls rate after updating spectacles. Guidance will be given on how the optometrist can play their part in preventing falls, particularly in relation to the type of spectacle lens and the refractive correction prescribed to elderly frail patients.

  • Management of Adult Strabismus: Controversies & Conundrums

    Contains 2 Component(s) Recorded On: 10/23/2013

    Binocular Vision, Perception, & Pediatric Optometry Section Symposium for Academy 2013 Seattle

    Strabismus treatment is not only for kids! Adult strabismus, whether recent-onset or longstanding, compromises binocular function, can cause diplopia and other symptoms, and is associated with wide-ranging effects on various aspects of patients’ lives, particularly psychosocial functioning. Three pediatric eye care providers will dialogue and share the reasons they enjoy managing adult strabismus and how they do it. Clinical pearls for non-surgical and surgical management and pre- and post-surgical considerations for patients with adult strabismus will be provided.

    Susan A Cotter, OD, MS, FAAO

    Professor of Optometry

    Susan Cotter is a Professor of Optometry at the Southern California College of Optometry at Marshall B. Ketchum University, where she is a pediatric optometrist and clinician scientist with primary research interests related to clinical management strategies for strabismus, amblyopia, non-strabismic binocular vision disorders, and childhood refractive error. 

    Sue has served in numerous leadership positions (including Vice Chair and Executive Committee member) for the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group (PEDIG), a NEI-funded clinical research network of pediatric optometrists and ophthalmologists who perform clinical investigations related to pediatric eye disease. She has also served in leadership positions for the NEI-funded Multi-Ethnic Pediatric Eye Disease Study (MEPEDS), the Collaborative Longitudinal Evaluation of Refractive Error (CLEERE), the Convergence Insufficiency Treatment Trial (CITT), and the CITT-Attention & Reading Trial (CITT-ART). Other NEI-related activities include serving as a Scientific Review Panel Member for Special Emphasis Panels, on the External Advisory Committee for the Vision in Preschoolers (VIP) Study, and as a member of the NEI Classification of Eye Movement Abnormalities & Strabismus (CEMAS) Working Group. 

    At present, Sue serves on the AAO Board of Directors where she is a Diplomate and a past Chair of the Academy’s Binocular Vision, Perception, & Pediatric Optometry Section. She was first author of the recently published preschool vision screening guidelines from the National Expert Panel of the National Center for Children’s Vision and Eye Health (NCCVEH). Currently, she serves on the NCCVEH’s National Advisory Committee. 

    Sue received her OD degree from the Illinois College of Optometry, completed a residency in Children’s Vision at SCCO, and received a M.S. in Clinical and Biomedical Investigations from the University of Southern California’s Keck School of Medicine. She is a recipient of the American Optometric Foundation’s Ezell Fellowship, editor of the textbook Clinical Applications of Prisms, and lectures internationally in the areas of pediatric eye care and binocular vision.

  • Ezell Fellows Present: Progress in Glaucoma Research

    Contains 2 Component(s)

    This Ezell Research Symposium presented at Academy 2013 Seattle showcases three investigators, at different stages of their careers, each of whom trained as optometrists, and then pursued doctoral research training, during which they received and were encouraged by Ezell fellowship support.

    Glaucoma is a group of optic neuropathies in which loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons can have a significant impact on the patient’s visual function, and ultimately lead to blindness.  These investigators are working on various aspects of glaucoma, from the etiology of elevated IOP, a risk factor for the most common form of the disease, to characterization of the nature and relative timecourse of structural and functional losses, and the pathophysiologic mechanisms leading to those losses. Their exciting research findings have implications for early detection and strategies for treatment of the disease to prevent loss vision loss.

    Thom Freddo

    The Elusive Nature of Aqueous Outflow

    Now, in 2018, Dr. Thomas Freddo is an Adjunct Professor at MCP Health Sciences University and was recently named a Senior Fulbright Fellow by the U.S. Dept of State. He is a past-Director of the School of Optometry and Vision Science at the University of Waterloo. He completed his B.A. at The University of Connecticut, his Doctor of Optometry degree at The New England College of Optometry and Ph.D in Anatomy/Pathology at Boston University School of Medicine, where he also completed a Fellowship in Surgical Ophthalmic Pathology. For 25 years, Dr. Freddo served as Professor of Ophthalmology, Pathology and Anatomy at Boston University School of Medicine where he also served as Vice-Chairman for Research in the Department of Ophthalmology. At Boston Medical Center, Dr. Freddo also maintained a hospital-based practice, and directed an active, NEI-funded, research program in anterior uveitis and glaucoma. He also Directed the Surgical Eye Pathology Service for the Boston Medical Center hospitals. During that period, Dr. Freddo also taught Anatomy at The New England College of Optometry. He is a Gold Fellow of ARVO, and has served on the Scientific Advisory Committee of Research to Prevent Blindness.  Thom has served on the editorial boards of the journals Optometry and Vision Science and Experimental Eye Research. He was the first optometrist to serve on the U.S. National Institutes of Health Anterior segment disease grant review committee. Dr. Freddo was the 1992 recipient of the American Optometric Foundation's Glenn A. Fry Award for excellence in eye/vision research and has received a total of 11 teaching awards from two institutions. He is a founding member of the Optometric Glaucoma Society and served on the Board of Directors of the American Academy of Optometry from 2000-2006.

      In 2004, Dr. Freddo received an honorary Doctorate from The State University of New York and in 2010 received an honorary doctorate from the University of Montreal. In 2010, Dr. Freddo was honored by the American Academy of Optometry with the Carel Koch award for his work at the interface between optometry and medicine, including his service as the first optometrist President of The International Society for Eye Research. He currently serves on the Board of Regents of Beta Sigma Kappa, the International Optometric Honor Fraternity.  In 2017, Dr. Freddo published a new textbook entitled “Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit: The Clinical Essentials”.

    Brad Fortune

    Axonopathy in Glaucoma: Implications for Diagnosis and Clinical Management


    • B.S., Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
    • O.D., State University of New York College of Optometry, New York, NY
    • Ph.D., Vision Science, University of California, Berkeley, CA

    Postgraduate education

    • Residency, Hospital Based Optometry, Veterans Administration Medical Center, San Francisco, CA
    • Post-doctoral Fellowship, Electrophysiology & Glaucoma, Discoveries in Sight, Devers Eye Institute, Legacy Health, Portland, OR


    • 2012 - President’s Award, Optometric Glaucoma Society
    • 2004 - Irvin and Beatrice Borish Award, American Academy of Optometry

    Professional affiliations

    • American Academy of Optometry, Fellow 
    • Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology 
    • International Society for Clinical Electrophysiology of Vision
    • International Perimetric Society
    • North American Perimetric Society
    • Optometric Glaucoma Society 
    • Association of International Glaucoma Societies

    Clinical interests and expertise

    • Characterization of vision function and diagnosis of vision disorders using electroretinography, visual evoked cortical potentials, color vision assessment, spatial and temporal contrast sensitivity, dark and light adaptometry, and perimetry.

    Previous clinical trials

    • ERG Reading Center, Protocol No: EOP1014, OSI/Eyetech Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

    Research interests and expertise

    • Measurement of vision function in human glaucoma and experimental models of glaucoma, particularly by electrophysiological means
    • Electrophysiological assessment of vision function in human and experimental retinal disease models
    • Imaging retinal nerve fiber layer and optic disc structure, correlations with vision function
    • Glaucoma pathogenesis

    Nimesh Patel

    Measuring Structure in Glaucoma

    Dr. Patel is an outstanding young clinician-scientist who, as a young investigator, has demonstrated exceptional promise to conduct independent research in the area of structure-function relationships in glaucoma. 

  • Conclusions and Controversies: AREDS II and Future Directions in AMD Management

    Contains 2 Component(s) Recorded On: 10/23/2013

    Ocular Nutrition SIG Symposium from Academy 2013 Seattle

    The Ocular Nutrition SIG's first symposium.

    Dennis Ruskin, OD, FAAO

  • 2013 Lawrence G. Gray Memorial Symposium on Neuro-Ophthalmic Disorders

    Contains 2 Component(s) Recorded On: 10/23/2013

    Neuro-Ophthalmic Disorders Special Interest Group Symposium from Academy 2013 Seattle

    Learn about determining the urgency of neuro-ophthalmic presentations, differentiating glaucomatous from non-glaucomatous optic neuropathies, and the application of human-computer interface technology in relation to Devic's Disease.

  • Highlights and Achievements in Ocular Drug Delivery Systems

    Contains 2 Component(s)

    Anterior Segment SIG Symposium from Academy 2013 Seattle

    This symposium focuses on current and future advancements in ocular drug delivery systems. The discussion includes the impact these technologies have on the management of various anterior segment conditions.

    Lyndon W Jones, PhD, FCOptom, FAAO

    Lyndon Jones graduated in Optometry from the University of Wales in 1985 and gained his PhD in Chemical Engineering from the Biomaterials Research Unit at Aston University, Birmingham, UK in 1998. He holds three of the higher clinical awards granted by the UK College of Optometrists, is a Fellow of the American Academy of Optometry, in which he is a Diplomate in Cornea and Contact Lenses, and is also a Fellow of both the International Association of Contact Lens Educators (IACLE) and the British Contact Lens Association (BCLA). His research interests primarily focus on the interaction of novel and existing contact lens materials with the ocular environment, dry eye and ocular drug delivery. 

    He has authored over 350 refereed and professional papers, one text-book and given over 750 invited lectures at conferences worldwide, in over 30 countries. He has been awarded over 20 national and international awards, including the 2014 “Glenn Fry Award” from the AAO, 2014 “Donald Korb Award” from the American Optometric Association, 2013 “Max Schapero Award” from the Cornea and Contact Lens Section of the AAO and the 2011 “George Giles Memorial Lectureship” from the UK College of Optometrists.

    Kenneth W Eakland, OD

    Professor, Bio-engineering & Ophthalmology

  • Integration of Public Health and Primary Care to Improve a Population's Health

    Contains 2 Component(s) Recorded On: 10/24/2013

    Public Health & Environmental Vision Section's Symposium at Academy 2013 Seattle

    This session addresses issues of why we should explore the integration of population health and primary care, as well as how the integration can be accomplished and the expect outcomes. This session also highlights the changes that must occur in clinical practice in order to accomplish these changes.

    Debbie L Hettler, OD, MPH, FAAO

    Clinical Director

    Dr. Debbie Hettler’s education includes a B.S. and O.D. from The Ohio State University College of Optometry and an MPH from University of Illinois. Her professional practice experience includes optometric education, clinical practice in HMO's, and the VA as well as quality assurance activities. She has over 100 scientific presentations including such topics as clinical techniques, ocular disease, public health issues, contact lenses, and managed care, and authored articles published concerning public health, primary care coordination and ocular disease topics. 

    She has served in many professional organization leadership roles including the American Academy of Optometry, American Optometric Association, and American Public Health Association. She has been with the Veterans’ Administration since 1994 as a clinical optometrist and associated education affiliations with University of Missouri Department of Ophthalmology and Internal Medicine. As Optometry Residency Supervisor there, she was associated with four optometry schools for optometric externships and residencies. Currently, she is the Clinical Director, Associated Health Education, Office of Academic Affiliations, VA Central Office located in Washington, DC. 

    Andrew M Archila, OD, MBA, FAAO

  • Maintaining Independence through Technology

    Contains 2 Component(s) Recorded On: 10/24/2013

    Vision in Aging SIG and Public Health & Environmental Vision Section Joint Symposium at Academy 2013 Seattle

    Older adults are the fastest growing age group using computer and communication technology. We all adapt our devices to suit our needs. Are adaptations for those who are older a continuum of what younger people do naturally or do older people need specific advice in order to use technology to its best advantage in the face of age-related changes to vision, hearing and dexterity? This symposium describes some of the aging changes that may present barriers to the use of technologies, and will discuss how adaptions of the technology itself and optometric intervention can enable continued use of technology which is important to the maintenance of independence.

    Mark W Swanson, OD, MSPH, FAAO

    Douglas Lane

    George Demiris

    Daniel Hubbell

    Irene L Yang, OD, FAAO

  • Ezell Fellows Present: A Sampler of Current Low Vision Research

    Contains 2 Component(s) Recorded On: 11/14/2014

    Ezell Fellows Present at Academy 2014 Denver

    This session showcases three investigators at different stages of their careers, who each pursued doctoral research training, during which they received and were encouraged by Ezell Fellowship support. Learn about meaningful measures of low vision interventions, about plasticity of the visual system with central retinal lesions, and about factors that contribute to road safety in bioptic drivers.